||Current Population: 146 (2003 State Demographer est.)
Incorporation Type: 2nd Class City
Borough Located In: Unorganized
School District: Bering Straits Schools
Regional Native Corporation: Bering Straits Native Corp.
Golovin is located on a point of land between Golovin Bay and Golovin Lagoon on the Seward Peninsula. It is 70 miles east of Nome. It lies at approximately 64.543330° North Latitude and -163.02917° West Longitude. (Sec. 11, T011S, R022W, Kateel River Meridian.) Golovin is located in the Cape Nome Recording District. The area encompasses 3.7 sq. miles of land and 0.0 sq. miles of water. Marine climatic influences prevail during the summer when the sea is ice-free. Summer temperatures average 40 to 60; winter temperatures average -2 to 19. Extremes from -40 to 80 have been recorded. Average annual precipitation is 19 inches, with 40 inches of snowfall. Golovin Bay is frozen from early November to mid-May.
Golovin is an Inupiat Eskimo village with a fishing, herding, and subsistence lifestyle. The sale or importation of alcohol is banned in the village.
Golovin's economy is based on subsistence activities, reindeer herding, fish processing and commercial fishing. 14 residents hold commercial fishing permits. The salmon fishery and reindeer herding offer some potential for cash income to augment subsistence food harvests. Fish, beluga whale, seal, moose and reindeer are the main sources of meat.
The City is beginning development of a community-wide piped water and sewer system. Water is pumped from Chinik Creek, is treated and stored in three large tanks. Approximately 50% of households are plumbed. 28 homes currently have water delivered by truck, 27 haul their own water, and 13 collect rain water during the summer. 10 homes with septic tanks have experienced drainfield failures, 25 households use honeybuckets and 21 homes use pit privies. A new 1.2-million-gallon water tank and washeteria have been funded. A new landfill is under construction; the access road is completed.
Since there are no roads connecting the city with other areas, access to Golovin is limited to air and sea. Both scheduled and chartered flights are available from Nome. The airport was recently relocated, and a new State-owned airport with a 4,000' long by 75' wide gravel runway is available. There is no dock; supplies are lightered from Nome and offloaded on the beach. A cargo ship brings supplies once each summer to Nome. The City has requested funds for a small boat harbor feasibility study.
Marine climatic influences prevail during the summer when the sea is ice-free. Summer temperatures average 40 to 60; winter temperatures average -2 to 19. Extremes from -40 to 80 have been recorded. Average annual precipitation is 19 inches, with 40 inches of snowfall. Golovin Bay is frozen from early November to mid-May.
*Source: Alaska Department of Community & Economic Development
This information was made possible in part by a grant from the Technology Opportunities Program, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce.